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Development opportunities of China's manufacturing industry under the strategy of "one belt and one

Issuing time:2018-08-07 16:46

Since general secretary Xi Jinping put forward the strategy of "one belt and one road" in 2013, the imbalance of global economic development has been gradually manifested, and the world pattern has gradually changed. The US has withdrawn from the TPP agreement, that is, the trans Pacific Partnership Agreement, and has sent a "one way" US delegation to China, thus blocking the Chinese economic "island chain". Crack.


With the development of the "one belt and one road" construction and fruitful results, the International Cooperation Summit Forum held in Beijing in May 2017 has covered 5 major categories, namely, policy communication, facilities interconnection, trade liberalization, financing and common people's hearts. There are 76 major and 270 concrete achievements.

Under the guidance of the "five links" goals (policy communication, facilities interconnection, trade liberalization, financing and common people's hearts), from point to area, from line to film, we aim to achieve orderly and free flow of economic elements, efficient allocation of resources and deep market integration, and promote the formation of "one belt, one road" regional cooperation. At present, the "one belt and one way" strategy is an important direction for China to go out, and it is also an opportunity to promote industrial transformation and upgrading.

From the perspective of implementation, the strategy of "one belt and one road" has been deeply embedded in the strategy of opening up to the outside world.

The "one belt and one way" strategy is the beginning of China's comprehensive integration into the global economy and playing a mainstay role in the global economy. The "five links" advocated by the "one belt and one way" strategy have gone beyond the scope of free trade agreements and investment. They are not only trade and investment, but also widely involve in civil aviation communication, inspection and quarantine, cultural exchanges, technological innovation, and news cooperation.

In this way, the investment enthusiasm is high, and the "one belt and one way" investment has been accelerated. Over the past 2014-2016 years, China has invested more than 50 billion US dollars in the countries along the belt and road. In the next five years, China's investment in the region will reach US $150 billion.

At present, the "one belt and one way" strategy, as an open development strategy, is rooted in the domestic industry to a new level. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate manufacturing into the "one belt and one way" construction to bring opportunities for further development of China's manufacturing industry.

The first direction for China's manufacturing industry to integrate into the "one belt and one way" construction is to transfer excess capacity and transform the industry burden of heavy chemical industry into high-quality overseas capital.

At present, China's industry has completed the industrial development path of technology introduction, digestion and absorption to independent innovation, and has formed the industrial international export capacity. At present, we should learn from overseas investment experience of developed countries such as Japan, and strive to reestablish "one China" overseas, accelerate the layout of capital and labor intensive industries in the "one belt and one way" area, transform domestic surplus industry projects into overseas industries, thus extending the Chinese industrial tentacles to the whole world and helping domestic industries. Transformation.

From the perspective of the industry, we have made world-class achievements in many fields such as industrial raw materials, machinery, construction and so on, and these fields are highly saturated in China. With the development of the "one belt and one road" construction, the "along the road" area has become an important export place for China's industry to go out. At present, it is necessary to solve the risk of excess capacity in the "one belt and one road" area.

First, the policy risk of investment and construction links.

The scale of manufacturing projects is large and the construction cycle is long. It is necessary to attach importance to the political stability and policy coherence of the host country, especially the projects with the participation and leadership of state-owned enterprises, and the highly recognition and policy support of the host government. Because most countries or regions along the belt and road are playing a big game in the great powers, and there are multiple contradictions among leaders, democratization and ethnic conflicts.

Previously, some international companies had failed to invest overseas due to changes in host country policies, such as the withdrawal of South Korean steel company POSCO from its annual capacity of 6 million tons in India's Kanataka State in July 2013, due to frequent changes in local land policy and iron ore mining policy. It's been delayed for 8 years.

Second, the management risk of business links.

The multi-ethnic, multicultural, multi lingual and multi religious beliefs along the "one belt and one road" challenge the operational capability of overseas projects. At the present stage, the investments of enterprises in investment areas are mainly focused on resources, markets, direct costs, tax incentives, etc. The "soft environment" is not taken into account, and the experience in dealing with unexpected events such as labor relations and religious beliefs is insufficient.

Third, the environmental risk of production links.

At present, the relevant environmental protection legal system along the "one belt and one road" area is not perfect, and the business environment is yet to be mature. The development environment and industrial level of most countries / regions are lower than that of China around 2000. Therefore, enterprises should be vigilant against high cost risks in the process of gradual improvement of environmental protection policies, and avoid the phenomenon of continuous upgrading of domestic environmental protection facilities in recent years, and environmental protection investment encroaching on the profits of enterprises.

Secondly, we should link up the strategy of "made in China 2025" and "one belt and one way" to promote the high-end equipment going out.

In recent years, China's manufacturing industry has stepped up to a new level. A number of star fields such as high-speed rail, nuclear power, construction machinery and high-end marine engineering have emerged. They have made rapid progress in aerospace, satellite communications and other fields. China's large aircraft has made its first successful flight. Beidou satellite positioning system is being networked globally.

"Made in China 2025" is an important weapon for China to build the international competitiveness of manufacturing industry. It is also an action program to guide and implement the strategy of manufacturing power. It includes the construction of manufacturing innovation center, strengthening basic engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, green manufacturing engineering and high-end equipment innovation engineering. Through the implementation of the five major projects, China's manufacturing industry will be promoted to the forefront of the world, and the development of information technology, high-grade CNC lathes, advanced rail transit and other ten key areas will be promoted.

And the implementation of the strategy of "making China 2025" is based on the "one China" strategy.

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